BIOGRAPHY AS LITERATURE OF LIFE: A REFLECTION ON THE LIFE AND WORKS OF SHAYKH FAZAZI AL- ANDALUSIAbstract:
This paper is designed to discuss the significant place of biography in the work of literature. This is an area that has been less explored by researchers in literary history and this poses great danger for historical scholarship and literature at the wider context. It is fair to say that the future of any community is determined and measured by the attention it pays to her historical personages, because the future nestles comfortably in the past. Therefore, this paper focuses on the biography of Shaykh al- Fazazi al-andalusi. The study adopted historical descriptive method. In the dim twilight of history, al- Fazazi was born and flourished in the political and intellectual scene of the Muslim Spain in the 13th century, spent his utmost strength and skill holding life cheap in support of a cause so high and placing without reserve his chivalry, prowess, wit, and learning. In the light of this importance, a reflection on the life and works of al- Fazazi is necessary. The paper argues that al- Fazazi straddles a fine path of faithful Muslim, and demonstrates artful arrangement in his poetic works. He employed a number of Arabic metaphors that are connected with political traditions, Islamic context, and general cultural experience. The use of epenthetic vowel, phonological component of grammar and the uniformity between edges of prosodic and morphological constituents are model of elegant style. The paper concludes that al- Fazazi, is one of the famous literary figures of his era who brazes the trail of new development in Arabic literature of his era and outstanding littérateur to be reckoned with in all ages.